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Berber Museum

Une introduction à la culture berbère Femme berbère, 1921 Jacques Majorelle Dans son discours du 9 mars 2011, en échec à la fond...


Une introduction à la culture berbère

Femme berbère, 1921 Jacques Majorelle

Dans son discours du 9 mars 2011, en échec à la fondation de l'Institut royal de la culture amazighe en 2001, Sa Majesté le Roi Mohammed VI a pris le charme de l'identité marocaine, un jour et riche de la diversité de ses branches, dont le cœur est l'amazigh, l'héritage de tous les marocains. "

La nouvelle constitution marocaine, adoptée en juillet 2011, a officialisé la langue amazighe.

C'est dans ce contexte que le Jardin Majorelle a fini son projet attendu depuis longtemps et son musée berbère. Installé dans un atelier de peinture conçu par Paul Sinoir en 1931 pour Jacques Majorelle, il est présenté au public à la collection personnelle de Pierre Bergé et Yves Saint Laurent.


«Depuis mon arrivée à Marrakech en 1966, je suis toujours fasciné par l’art et la culture berbères. Au fil des ans, j'ai collectionné et admiré cet art qui s'étend sur plusieurs pays à la fois. Les Berbères ont toujours été fiers de leur culture. Ils n'ont pas cessé de revendiquer leur identité malgré les vicissitudes auxquelles ils ont été confrontés. À Marrakech, en pays berbère, dans le Jardin Majorelle créé par un artiste qui a peint tant de scènes d'hommes et de femmes berbères, l'idée de ce musée nous est venue tout naturellement. "Pierre Bergé

Carte du Royaume du Maroc © Jardin Majorelle

The Imazighen (singular Amazigh), or Berbers, are among the original peoples of North Africa. Their myths, legends and history span 9,000 years, and can be traced to the Proto-Mediterraneans. They have achieved unity by maintaining their unique language and culture which are, like their land, both African and Mediterranean.

Berber man, Midelt region, Middle Atlas.

The Berbers of Morocco share this duality, reflecting the diversity of their nature and stormy history. Through close contact with other peoples of the Mediterranean, they created kingdoms but also vast territories organised into powerful, democratic, war-mongering, tribal communities. Both aspects of this sociopolitical organisation have left a mark on recent historical events and the country’s history spanning two millennia. As opposed to the pagan Mediterranean kingdoms of Antiquity, Berber empires developed inland and were Muslim. Judaism continued to be practiced, and the Sunni Islam majority gradually took on a Berber hue with its brotherhoods, zaouias, marabouts and rituals.


The roots of the Berber culture reach deep down into Morocco’s proto-history. They are illustrated by a strong link with their land, a sense of community, hospitality, sharing food and a specific relationship with spirituality. Its openness to many influences whether Mediterranean, African, Oriental, European, or international have helped define its current characteristics.

Official Alphabet of the Moroccan Amazigh © IRCAM

The Berber language, an Afro-Asian idiom, is a melting-pot of history and culture of the country. It has outlived most languages of Antiquity such as Ancient Greek, Latin, Phoenician and Egyptian. It used to be written but is now mainly oral. Although there are fewer now that can speak it, the language is nevertheless still used by a substantial number of Moroccans. A true symbol of identity, the language crystallizes political demands and unleashes passions. The recent recognition of the country’s Berberity would seem to signify a will to preserve the language for future generations, including its ancient alphabet called Tifinagh.


L'exposition est divisée en trois parties: (1) Un savoir-faire, matériel et immatériel, qui transforme une grande diversité de matières premières en objets à usage quotidien ou cérémoniel. (2) Ensembles de bijoux illustrant des croyances et des connaissances séculaires. (3) Un sentiment de grandeur exprimé dans les costumes, les armes, le tissage et les portes décorées. Tous ces objets invitent le visiteur à apprécier la beauté de l'art berbère à travers le Maroc rural. Ils témoignent de la richesse de la diversité et de la créativité de cette culture.

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Marrakech: Berber Museum
Berber Museum
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Marrakech
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